DISCUSSION OF THE ORAL STORY
This topic discusses the information regarding the migration from villages to cities. Firstly I am going to explain the migration from villages to cities in the 60’s decade. After, I am going to explain which destinations people chose to live after their migration. And last, I am going to explain why people decided to change their home to a new one. Some of these points will be related by my narrator Máximo, the narrator.
Firstly, I have got most of the information regarding my topic thanks to my narrator, my grandfather. In the 60’s decade we can find a lot of movements from villages to cities, being the origin of the economic development and a growth of population in the metropolitan areas. He had to migrate from his village, Villanueva de los Escuderos, located in Cuenca, to Madrid. However, not everybody in his village moved to the city; a lot of people did not want to leave their birth place in spite of bad conditions. This migration is special, as people not only change their place of origin, but also their job and usual life.
According to census of 1960, 23.008 people migrated from Cuenca to Madrid; 21.785 people from Almería to Barcelona; 10.375 people from Cáceres to Guipuzcoa and finally 22.171 people migrated from Cuenca to Valencia. We can observe that the most famous destinations were Madrid, Valencia, Cataluña and the Basque Country. People moved to cities that had a good location. (INE, 1974)
Thirdly, I am going to analyze, the reasons that made people moving to the cities. In the 60’s decade, life was hard. Everybody in the village of my grandfather worked, not only adults but also children. They worked in the fields, in the agriculture, with animals and not earning money enough to live. As they used to spend most of their time working, most of them had no time for education. Fortunately my grandfather had a friend who helped him, after work, to learn to write, to read, in the nights. This was the unique moment of the day that he had to receive some education. This anecdote, that my grandfather told me, is one of the reasons that made people move to cities. Another reason was related to the work. In the village they worked in the fields, in the agriculture and with animals. The works were more difficult than nowadays, so they had to take heavy weights. And the last and most important reason is that they wanted to survive. They looked for basics needs; they wanted a better life, better salary, a good house, etc. My narrator, with his daily effort and with the several works that he found in the city, could survive and he could support all his family until nowadays.
To conclude, fortunately the society and the times have changed in some aspects. Thanks to my narrator, my grandfather, I have met and explored about the migration from villages to cities in the 60’s decade, and it was very interesting.
Instituto Nacional de Estadística, 1974, Las migraciones interiores en España (Decenio 1961-1970), Madrid, p.9, 17, 84, 87.